After obtaining a doctorate in art history, philosophy, and literature in 1918, Franz Roh (German, 1890-1965) worked as a critic and author in Munich. His intense occupation with the aesthetic avant-garde inspired his first photo collages and montages in 1923. In 1929 on the occasion of the Film und Foto exhibition in Stuttgart, he and Jan Tschichold published the book foto-auge (photo eye), a compendium of contemporary experimental photography. In the following years he founded the book series Fototek and published monographs by Aenne Biermann and László Moholy-Nagy. After his “inner emigration” during the National Socialist regime he worked as a critic after 1945 and taught art history at the University in Munich.